Parts of a Cell Phone Charger: Names and Funtions?

Here are the parts of a cell phone charger, their names, and functions.

From the USB cable to the charging cube.

So if you want to know the parts of your phone charger and their names, then you’re in the right place.

Keep reading!

Table of Contents

What Are the Parts of Your Cell Phone Charger Called?

Some things feel more complicated than others.

Most cell phone charger components are hiding, as they should.

But, it helps us understand what is hidden inside of a charging cable and USB cubes.

Join us as we explore cell phone charger parts and their functions. 

Parts of a Cell Phone Charger.

#1 USB Cable

The first thing to get out of the way is what USB means. Though, telling you that it stands for Universal Serial Bus may confuse you further. But, all it means is that it is a hardware interface. 

USB cables attach keyboards, printers, storage devices, and, yes, cell phone chargers.

The coverings of USB cables can differ, but what is inside of a standard cord typically doesn’t change

We are going to run through the colors of the wires inside. 

You should NOT cut into USB cables unless you know what you are handling.

Parts of a USB cable.
  • Red Wire: It is the wire that passes on the positively charged electric power. The red wires in a USB cable have five volts of direct current electricity.
  • Black Wire: Everything needs a grounding wire. Cell phone chargers are no different.
  • White Wire: A white wire is typically the positive wire, but for data.
  • Green Wire: It is the negative wire and also for data.

#2 USB Cable Connectors

The little squares on each end of a USB cell phone charger have a name. 

The two connectors are different sizes on purpose to keep it prevent electrical overloads and damaged equipment. 

One end fits your phone; the other fits into an electrical source. 

As you likely know, only connectors that fit your phone will charge your phone. 

#3 Adapter or Charging Cube

Adapter, charging cube, and charging square are all of the same things. 

It is the part of a cell phone charger that plugs into the wall and gives your phone its charge. 

#5 Common Wall Connector

New cell phones typically do not use standard wall connectors anymore. 

However, some do, and it converts electricity into stable DC voltage that is compatible with the phone being charged.

#6 Power Banks

A power bank is just an external battery source of your phone.

You plug into it the same way you do your charging cube or electrical wall socket. 

However, power banks require recharging, too. They do not have limitless power.

#7 DC to DC Converter

Once referred to as cigarette chargers, DC to DC converters plug into the ports in your car. 

Many people use these because they travel, and this type of charger is ideal for emergencies

Most vehicles don’t have cigarette lighters anymore, but they do have these types of charging ports, and likely more than one.

When to Replace a Cell Phone Charger?

The first thing to know is that cheap is not always good when it comes to phone chargers. 

The chance of a charger melting is always there, and when they are poorly made, it makes for an even more dangerous and expensive situation.

If a charging cable melts inside of your charging ports, don’t try to fix it yourself. 

Take it to a cell phone repair shop to see if they can save the phone. If they can’t replace the charging port, you will be buying a new phone.

If you see smoke or smell electrical fire, unplug it all and don’t try to fiddle with it. 

Just replace it. It is never a good idea to try and ‘fix’ anything electricity-related. 

Cell phone chargers are mostly harmless, but why chance it for a silly charger.